Alipore Zoological Garden, Kolkata

Sundarban

Tiger Reserve

Tiger Conservation Landscape of global priority.
Only mangrove tiger habitat


  • UNESCO

    UNESCO is the United Nations Educational .. more

  • MAB

    Man and the Biosphere Programme..more

  • Ramsar

    The convention on wetlands is an..more

  • CATS

    Sundarban Tiger Reserve has go..more

  • Mangrove

    In the saline environment, low oxygen.. more

  News Board
View latest news, tender, notification and various update on Sundarban Tiger Reserve

01

10/21

E- Tender : Supply of Nylon Rope Type 3Strand IR 4mm Polyolefene rope colour yellow and including carriage loading and unloading up to Canning , South 24 Parganas

Tender Reference Number: WBFOR/STR/DFD/NIT01(e)/2021-22 (3rd Call)
Tender ID: 2021_DOFR_344606_1

24

09/21

GeM : Bid No: GEM/2021/B/1544876

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Sundarban Tour

The enchanting beauty of the forest makes tourists ecstatic. People can enjoy the panoramic view of the forest from various watch towers constructed in different remote locations. Waterways are the only means to visit the region. October to March is the best season for Sundarban tour.

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Only Mangrove Ecoregion

Ecosystem Of Sundarbans

The Sundarban is one of the most diverse and productive mangrove ecosystems in the world. The flora, fauna and their interaction are important to sustain a healthy ecosystem. The region is named after a tree, called ‘Sundari’. Pertinent to note that, the cherished interaction between the biotic and abiotic factors is the key attribute of the largest mangrove.

Ecosystem

Ecology is all about the interaction between communities. Both biotic and abiotic components are important to sustain an ecosystem. Sundarban is considered as estuarine mangrove in the Gangetic delta. Sundarbans features two ecoregions - 'Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests and 'Sundarbans mangroves'. The seasonally flooded Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests lie inland from the mangrove forests on the coastal fringe. The forest covers approximately 10,000 km2 of which about 6,000 km2 are in Bangladesh. The Indian part of Sundarbans is estimated to be about 4,110 km2, of which about 1,700 km2 is occupied by water bodies in the forms of rivers and creeks of width varying from a few metres to several kilometres. The Sundarban along the Bay of Bengal has evolved over the millennia through natural deposition of upstream sediments accompanied by intertidal segregation. The physiography is dominated by deltaic formations that include numerous drainage lines associated with surface and subaqueous levees, splays and tidal flats.

Flora

Mangrove ecosystem is a very specialised environment occurring in between the terrestrial habitat and the sea in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Sundarban is the largest delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers in the Bay of Bengal. Tide- dominated funnel-shaped estuary is intersected by mesh-like network of rivers, channels and creeks. The transitional habitat supports a unique variety of plant community, known as ‘mangrove’. The term ‘mangrove’ is derived from a Portuguese word ‘mangue’, which means salt tolerant plants. The Sundarban is one of the prominent examples of mangrove in the world.

Fauna

Mangrove ecosystem supports a wide assemblage of animal communities. It is the home of many animals which live entirely within the mangrove, several others visit this zone either foraging or to breed. This unique mangrove ecosystem with its numerous ecological niches is home to over 1586 faunal species, among them 15 mammals, 8 species of birds, 17 species of reptiles are included in Schedule I and II( rare & endangered) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972. 14 species have been listed in Appendix I of CITES.




Project Tiger

Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India.
The project aims to safeguard the viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats.

Background

Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India. The project aims to safeguard the viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.

Note: Sundarban was considered under Project Tiger in the inauguration year, 1973.

Objectives
  • Reduce those factors which lead to the depletion of tiger habitats and to mitigate them by suitable management.
  • Ensure a viable tiger population for economic, scientific, cultural, aesthetic and ecological values.
Prospects
  • The project's task force visualize the tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests.
  • Funds and commitment are mustered to support the intensive program of habitat protection and rehabilitation under the project.
  • The government has also set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.
Monitoring and Research
  • The monitoring system M-STrIPES was developed to assist patrol and protect tiger habitats. It is running successfully with several modifications in the Tiger Reserve.
  • Camera trap method is also exercised in the Sundarban Tiger Reserve. The analysis of the flanks of the tigers are assisted by WII-Dehradun.
Collaboration

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) was established in2005, by the recommendation of the Tiger Task Force, headed by the Prime Minister of India.

Basic aim of NTCA is to Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger and Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

Recent Status of Tiger Conservation
Tiger Sightings in STR
Increasing Populations of Tiger in STR
Tiger in STR 2020-21

Livelihood

People of Sundarban

Agrarian economy based employment is mostly observed in the region. The entire communities of Sundarban depend on the forest and waterways for their livelihood. Fishing from rivers; crab collection; honey collection from the forest and
tourism business are the main source of income here in this place.

Mangrove Plantation

The huge damage of the mangroves was caused by the cyclone Amphan last year. The state govt has decided to rebuild the damaged forests by planting mangrove, thereby to protect the ecozone from natural calamities. The Forest Dept has started planting 5 crore mangrove saplings in the Sundarbans. There are 4 main objectives of the work plan, they are -

Harvesting of Honey

Honey is a mineral rich carbohydrate food source of high medicinal value produced by the bees. Honey harvesting is one of the major livelihoods of the people of Sundarban.

Fishing in River

The govt of West Bengal is set to launch unique fish tourism in Sundarbans to attract domestic as well as international tourists.

Research

Research and Conservation Breeding

Research and conservation breeding programme is one of the key components for any Biosphere Reserve, and Sundarban is not an exception. Captive breeding of endangered species is necessary in context of conservation. It prevents local extinction of a species or a sub-species. Conservation breeding programme along with continuous research and monitoring is running successfully on Northern River Terrapin and Estuarine Crocodile under the effective guidance and supervision of Sundarban Tiger Reserve.

Batagur baska

River terrapin is one of the important species of estuarine ecosystem, not only it takes green plants but also it takes rotten food items and clear the water, hence it is called ' water vulture'.

Saltwater Crocodile

Saltwater crocodile is one of the important species and the apex predator of estuarine ecosystem, not only it takes fresh fleshy foods but also it takes rotten carcass of the animal and thereby helps to clear the river water.

Activity

STR Year Wise Activity

The officials of Sundarban Tiger Reserveare working on sustainable livelihood in different aspects.
Several medical camps, awareness programmes,staff training programme,
seminars etc are organized by the forest department in many remote areas of the delta.